How Many Strings Does a Banjo Have

How Many Strings Does a Banjo Have? (Differences)

Have you ever seen a banjo and wondered how many strings does a Banjo have? Banjos come in different varieties, with anywhere from four to eight strings. While the number of strings affects the type of music that can be played on a banjo, it doesn’t affect the basic construction of the instrument.

This blog post will explore the different types of banjos and their string configurations. So whether you’re a beginner banjo player and just starting out or an experienced player looking for new ideas, read on for some interesting facts about everyone’s favorite five-stringed popular instrument!

How many Strings does a Banjo Have: 4 Strings vs. 5 Strings vs. 6 Strings

Most banjos have five strings, but there are also versions with four or six strings. The type of string will determine the notes that can be played, so it’s important to choose the right one for your Banjo skill level and style.

4-String Banjos

4-string banjos have four single strings, which allows for a limited range of notes. In C tuning, the four strings are tuned from lowest to highest as follows: C G D A. Even though this type of Banjo only has 4 strings, it’s still able to produce a wide variety of sounds because you can play chords or arpeggios on each string.

Banjo players who prefer four-string banjos models tend to be bluegrass players and old-time enthusiasts since these styles make use of more open tunings (C and G major). You also see this style of the ideal instrument in folk music. Mel Bay’s Complete Book of four-String Banjo is an excellent resource for folks interested in learning how to play the 4-string Banjo. Four Strings Plectrum Banjo and Tenor Banjo is the most widely played four-stringed musical instrument.

5-String Banjos

This is the most common type in Banjo. Most five-string banjos have a fifth metal string (A) and four single strings (G, C, D, and F#).  These banjos come with a built-in resonator or some of them are open back. This type of Banjo is commonly used in bluegrass music because it has an extended range that produces more distinct notes. For example, in the key of A major, you can play chords like Am7, A6/9, and A13 by barring different combinations of open strings. Five-String Banjo expert tend to favor styles of music such as old-time music or Classical music, Irish music, jazz music, and folk music since these styles typically use simpler chord progressions and open Banjo tunings.

Read more about 5 String Banjo.

6-String Banjos

The most common Six-string Banjo has five metal strings (G, D, A, E, and C) and one thick nylon string or wire wrapped in steel that’s tuned to B. This type of Banjo is closely related to the acoustic guitar since it has six strings in total. Since it includes so many more notes than other popular types of banjos, the 6-string instrument is mainly played by bluegrass banjo musicians who use complex flat pick or fingerpicking techniques. Many players prefer this style because they can duplicate all the sounds, their guitar heroes are able to make!

Learn more about the best banjo strings, Click here to read more about strings of banjo.

Types of Banjo Strings

how many strings does a banjo have

Nickel-plated Steel:

The majority of so-called nickel strings are made of steel and coated with an 8% nickel wash that protects and softens the touch.

Phosphor Bronze:

This is a bit of a newer invention. Basically, phosphor bronze is 92% copper—so a little more copper than 80/20 bronze has about 8% tin and contains trace amounts of phosphorous, which makes it a little bit more corrosion resistant than 80/20 bronze.

Stainless Steel:

These are made from a highly magnetic alloy and usually produce a brighter banjo sound and a rougher feel under the fingers. Due to the greater brilliance, when used just as frequently, they can be more long-lasting than nickel ones and will tend to highlight any imperfections of the fretboard.

How many Types of Banjos are there?

As of right now, there are mainly five different banjo types: resonator, open-back, hybrid, plectrum, and electric.

  • A resonator banjo replaces the head with a metal ring called a tone ring. This gives the Banjo its distinctive metallic sound and makes it easier to play. Most commonly used in Bluegrass music, they come in four-, five- and six-string models.
  • The open-back banjo has a circular wood rim without the metal tone ring found on other types of popular banjos. This part aims to help support the tensioned head, giving this type its distinctive sound. Open-back is most commonly used in traditional folk music such as Celtic and American music.
  • A hybrid banjo is a musical instrument that incorporates components from many banjo kinds. There are usually two resonators on these: one at the top and one around where your knee goes while playing. Because two metal discs rather than one at the bottom operate as resonators, these instruments are louder than other open-backed variants. The playing style, though, is usually similar to that of an open-back.
  • In many aspects, a plectrum banjo is comparable to an open-back banjo. The number of strings is the main distinction. It has double the number of strings than four or five.
  • Electric banjos are usually played with a fingerpick and sound similar to an acoustic banjo without an amp. The most significant difference is the absence of any resonators.

Read Types of Banjo in detail.

Music That You Can Play With Each Banjo:

There are various types of banjos, and each one is best suited for a specific type of music. Here’s a list to help you figure out which Banjo you should choose:

  • 4-string Banjo – Bluegrass, Folk music
  • 5-string Banjo – Celtic music, Modern rock
  • 6-string Banjo – Irish music, similar to guitar chords
  • 12-string Banjo – Classical, Celtic Folk

Banjo is very versatile in that you can play numerous types of music with just one Banjo. The only difference would be the weight of the Banjo, which could affect how you play.

Banjo Price: How Much Does a Banjo Cost?

The cost of a banjo varies greatly depending on its size and quality. Banjos, for example, should be purchased from trustworthy vendors who only sell high-quality instruments.

A new banjo might cost anything from a few hundred dollars to more than a thousand dollars. An excellent grade banjo costs roughly $500 on average. Many reputable online music businesses also sell used instruments at competitive costs.

Major categorization of Banjo’s cost are:

  • Bluegrass Banjo: $400 – $1,000+
  • Folk Music Banjo: $400 – $1,000+
  • Country Music Banjo: $200 – $1,000+
  • Claw hammer Banjo: $300 – $1,000+

How to Change the Strings on Your Banjo?

how many strings does a banjo have

Are you new to playing Banjo? If so, then your big question may be how to change the coated strings on your fun instrument or how to learn the banjo. While there are many ways of changing banjo strings, it’s crucial that you not cut them too short! Doing so can result in some string slipping off its bridge during a performance or deteriorating quickly.

To change the strings on your modern Banjo, follow these simple steps:

  1. Use wire clippers or scissors to cut old strings at their standard tuning pegs
  2. Unwind the peg and slide out the old string
  3. Put new strings through tuner holes (for five-stringed instruments) and wind them tightly (and in the same pattern as before)
  4. Tune your newly strung Banjo

Never cut strings too short; always leave at least 1/4 an inch of string past where it goes through its peg. If you cut the string too short, slip off the bridge, and break a string during a performance, it is usually much harder to fix than if you just left plenty of extras.

Also, note that changing the right-most string is slightly different from changing all of them:

  • First, replace the old one with a new one by pulling out the old one using wire clippers or scissors
  • Next, take your new right-most string and thread it between where your third finger rests on top of the Banjo neck and between where your ring finger holds down the strings.


What is the best type of banjo to learn for beginners?

There is no one-size-fits-all answer to this question, as the best banjo for beginners will depend on the individual’s preferences and playing style. However, some of the more popular types of banjos for beginners include the classical banjo, the 12-string banjo, and the electric banjo.

The classical banjo is the most popular type of banjo for beginners, and it is the type that was originally used in bluegrass music. It is easy to learn how to play, thanks to its simple chord structure, and it produces a mellow sound that is perfect for country and folk music.

What is the best way to tune my banjo?

There is no one-size-fits-all answer to this question, as the best way to tune a banjo depends on the particular instrument and how well it is playing. However, some general tips that may help include adjusting the strings, checking the neck tension, and fine-tuning the tuning pegs. If the banjo is not playing properly, it may be necessary to take it to a professional.

Can I buy one that has more than five strings?

Yes, you can buy banjos that have more than five strings. While these banjos may be more difficult to play, they can offer a wider range of sounds and are perfect for those who are interested in exploring the acoustic guitar more deeply

Is it hard to play a 5-string banjo?

Not at all! The 5-string banjo is one of the most popular instruments to learn, and with a bit of practice, you can start playing songs like “Queen of the Road” and “Amazing Grace.” While it is not an easy instrument to play, it is definitely a fun one. And if you are looking for a challenge, check out some of the more difficult banjo songs like “Crazy Fingers” or “The Ballad of Jed Clampett.”

See Also:

How to Tune a Banjo?


Next time you need a new set of strings for your Banjo, We’ve got everything you need to buy your standard banjo new strings and equipment so that you can start jamming. Which of these strings is your favorite? We hope this blog post has been helpful in making an informed decision about which type of stringed instrument may be best for you!

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